Steps: Graduate Research Process
Step 1: Selection of Research Topic
The ability to find a good research topic is an important skill.
-> Get an overview of the general topics in your area, current trends current challenges faced in the Industry - Where do we get new ideas from? By solving a problem that exists ,Find something missing / fill in the gap, Reading literature/publications , Library / Digital Library /Google Scholar, IEEE, Participate Conferences/seminars, Try to think big and out of the box!!!, Talk to people, Get advice from instructor , Narrow down from broad topic to specific idea, Turn your idea into a research question.- Independent thought - Finding a research problem is not simply selecting a problem from a list provided. You must go through the process of discovering and then developing a topic with all the initial anxiety and uncertainty such a choice entails.This is how you develop your capacity for independent thought. The most successful research topics are narrowly focused and carefully defined, and importantly part of broad-ranging, complex problem. Keywords - 4 to 6 related to the topic. References - 8 to 15 number of references maximum latest reference with classical and other important relevant to the topic and problem
-> Focus on a interested topic -
-> Research and read more about the topic.
-> Formulate a research problem. It must be narrow and focused enough to be interesting, yet broad enough to find adequate information for your research.
Step 2: Literature View
-> “The literature review is a critical look at the existing research that is significant to the work that you are carrying out…”
-> Why do a Literature Review? -> The purpose is to Define your research problem. Find a gap, ask a question, continue previous research, explore counter-claims. Read possibly every source relevant to your research problem. Gather information to get significant literature published on the topic.
-> Critical Reading -> Look for evidence for every statement in the Model, Algorithms, Methods, Definitions , Results. Expert opinions written are still hypothesis and have never been tested or proven. Make sure that conclusions are Justified by the methods & results and not based on unsubstantiated claims and speculations. Look for Gaps, inconsistencies, unexplained and unexpected findings
-> How does writing a Literature Review help you? -> Expands your knowledge about the topic, Improves Information Seeking skills, Improves Critical Thinking skills.
-> Questions… Ask yourself:How good has my review been?, Have I found all the material?, Has irrelevant material been excluded?, Have I critically analyzed the related work?, Have I assessed and discussed the strengths and weaknesses of the related work?, Have I assessed and discussed the strengths and weaknesses of the related work?, Have I discussed that papers that is contrary to my perspective?, Have I cited my sources correctly?
-> Source of Information -> University Library, IEEExplore, CiteSeerX, ACM Digital Library, ScholarsPortal, Google Scholar, E-books , Books, periodicals.
Step 3: Research Proposal Submission
-> Research proposal should specify a narrow research area. You should prepare the research proposal after conducting an initial literature review. The research proposal outlines the plan of the research and forms a blueprint for the development of the research work. A well-prepared proposal places boundaries on the study, and helps you to remain focused on addressing the research questions.
-> Research Proposal…… Keywords, Objectives of the Research (Aim of the Research/ what you try to achieve)(if Multiple objective) Research Methodology -> Proposed Solution / your Contribution. Evaluation Plan -> How you plan to compare. Identify your Research Paper Milestones and Plan accordingly.
-> Proposal Template -> Abstract (Should be short not more than 80-100 words) -> Keywords (Relevant keywords in alphabetic order) -> Problem Definition & Objective (Aim of the Research/ what you try to achieve) -> Literature Review ( Background & Existing work / Related Work done) (4-5 papers that are closely related to your work, described in 3-4 lines) -> Research Methodology : [Describe your solution (New Algorithm, New Model, new Architecture, Study of existing paper – [Survey, Study],Experimental analysis of existing solutions [Performance Analysis]), etc…] -> Discussion on your proposed research methodology -> Evaluation Plan -> Research Activity Plan - Gant Chart (Identified research activities and time frame)-> References (12-20 number of references, 6-8 references must be cited in this proposal).
Step 4: Research Prosses
-> Research Progress - Self check your tasks and completion status. What are the milestones accomplished? Plan ahead , don’t wait for the last moment. Complete all comments/suggestions given in Proposal Presentation Discussions, Progress Report Review Report. Keep updated with what’s happening in your selected area of research.
-> Backward Referring - Follow up references from selected relevant papers to other sources, and look up for classical papers
-> Forward Referring - Find new citations and be updated in the latest happenings on the selected research topic.
-> What are the ethical issues in research? -> Keep a clear logbook of your ideas. Give proper credit to other people’s ideas. Stay away from Plagiarism.
Step 5: Final Research Paper Submission
-> Research paper as per FORMAT. Minimum 20 References. Entire paper 5000-7000 words. Spell check & Grammar Check. Identify Conference /Journal for Submission.
-> Why Publish your Research Work? -> It makes you get recognized in the field. It demonstrates your depth of knowledge in the subject. Has a potential of advancing the field by others citing your paper and applying your contribution. It can give you growth (Admission , Jobs etc.).
-> Final Research Paper….. Final evaluation is done based on all the aspects of the research from the start of the research until the final presentation and research paper.